RCT and Sham Control Neurofeedback Studies

EEG Biofeedback Randomized Control Studies (Ia & Ib):

Micoulaud-Franchi, J-A, Geoffroy, PA, Fond, G, Lopez, R, Bioulac, S, C & Philip, P. (2014). EEG neurofeedback treatments in children with ADHD: an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8:906.doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00906

Steiner, NJ, Frenette, EC, Rene, KM, Brennan, RT, Perrin, EC. (2014). In-school neurofeedback training for ADHD: sustained improvements from a randomized control trial. Pediatrics, doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2059

Coben, R., Wright, E. K., Decker, S. L., & Morgan, T. (2015). The impact of coherence neurofeedback on reading delays in learning disabled children: A randomized controlled study. NeuroRegulation, 2(4), 168–178. doi: 10.15540/nr.2.4.168.

Arns M, de Ridder S, Strehl U, Breteler M, Coenen A. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: the effects on inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity: a meta-analysis.Clin EEG Neurosci. 2009 Jul;40(3):180-189.

Bakhshayesh, A.R., Hänsch, S., Wyschkon, A., Rezai, M.J. and Esser, G. (2011). Neurofeedback in ADHD: a single-blind randomized controlled trial, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, DOI: 10.1007/s00787-011-0208-y

Gevensleben H, Holl B, Albrecht B, Schlamp D, Kratz O, Studer P, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, Heinrich H. (2010). Neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: 6-month follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry., 19(9):715-724.

Gevensleben H, Moll GH, Heinrich H. (2010). Neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: behavioral and neurophysiological effects Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother., 38(6):409-419.

Gevensleben H, Holl B, Albrecht B, Schlamp D, Kratz O, Studer P, Wangler S, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, Heinrich H. (2009). Distinct EEG effects related to neurofeedback training in children with ADHD: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Psychophysiol., 74(2):149-157.

Gevensleben H, Holl B, Albrecht B, Vogel C, Schlamp D, Kratz O, Studer P, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, Heinrich H. (2009). Is neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomised controlled clinical trial. J Child Psychol Psychiatry, 50(7):780-789.

Hammer, B.U., Colbert, A.P., Brown, K.A. and Ilioi, E. C. (2011). Neurofeedback for Insomnia: A Pilot Study of Z-Score SMR and Individualized Protocols. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, DOI 10.1007/s10484-011-9165-y

Klingberg, T., Fernell, E., Elesen, P., Johnson, M., Gustafsson, P., Dahlstrom, K., Gillberg, C.G., Forssberg, H. & Westerberg, H.L.P. (2005) Computerized Training of Working Memory in Children With ADHD- A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(2): 177-186.

Lansbergen MM, van Dongen-Boomsma M, Buitelaar JK, Slaats-Willemse D. (2011). ADHD and EEG-neurofeedback: a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled feasibility study. J Neural Transm. 2011 Feb;118(2):275-284.

Wangler S, Gevensleben H, Albrecht B, Studer P, Rothenberger A, Moll GH, Heinrich H. (2010). Neurofeedback in children with ADHD: specific event-related potential findings of a randomized controlled trial. Clin Neurophysiol., 122(5):942-950.

EEG Biofeedback Sham Control & Comparative Studies (IIb):

Becerra, J. 2006. Follow-up study of learning-disabled children treated with neurofeedback or placebo. Clin. EEG & Neurosci., 37(3): 198-203.

Egner et al, 2004. The effects of neurofeedback training on the spectral topography of the electroencephalogram. Clin. Neurophysiol., 115(11): 2452-2460.

Fernandez, T., et al, 2007, Changes in EEG current sources induced by neurofeedback in learning disabled children. An exploratory study. Appl. Psychophysiol. Biofeedback, 32(3-4): 169-183.

Fernandez,T. et al, 2003. EEG and behavioral changes following neurofeedback treatment in learning disabled children. Clin. Electroencephalogr, 34(3): 145-152.

Leins U, Goth G, Hinterberger T, Klinger C, Rumpf N, Strehl U. (2007). Neurofeedback for children with ADHD: a comparison of SCP and Theta/Beta protocols. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2007 Jun;32(2):73-88. Epub 2007 Mar 14.

Rossiter TR, La Vaque TJ. (1995). A comparison of EEG biofeedback and psychostimulants in treating attention deficit/hyperactivity disorders. J Neurotherapy 1995;1:48-59.

Thompson L, Thompson M. (1998). Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: effectiveness in students with ADD. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback;23:243-263.